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Race & Health is determined to contribute to research that expands our knowledgebase about racism, xenophobia, and discrimination's impact on health. As such, we conduct original research and academic contributions. Explore our research below, and learn more about the terms and definitions used in our work here.

Explore Our Research

Lancet Series on racism, xenophobia, discrimination and health

Featured Research:

The Lancet  Series covers the issues, solutions, and opportunities for the health community to tackle health inequity. Racism, xenophobia, and discrimination exist in every modern society causing avoidable disease and premature death among groups who are often already disadvantaged. This Series examines how the historic systems and structures of power and oppression, and discriminatory ideologies have shaped policy and practice today, and are root causes of racial health inequities.

Paper 1: Racism, xenophobia, discrimination, and the determination of health


In this first Series paper, we describe the conceptual model used throughout the Series and the underlying principles and definitions. We explore concepts of epistemic injustice, biological experimentation, and misconceptions about race using a historical lens.

Paper 2: Racism, xenophobia, and discrimination: mapping pathways to health outcomes


Despite being globally pervasive, racism, xenophobia, and discrimination are not universally recognised determinants of health. In this paper, we challenge widespread beliefs related to the inevitability of increased mortality and morbidity associated with particular ethnicities and minoritised groups.

Paper 3: Intersectional insights into racism and health: not just a question of identity


Intersectionality is a useful tool to address health inequalities, by helping us understand and respond to the individual and group effects of converging systems of power. In this Series paper, we use an intersectional approach to highlight the intersections of racism, xenophobia, and discrimination with other systems of oppression, how this affects health, and what can be done about it.

Paper 4: Confronting the consequences of racism, xenophobia, and discrimination on health and health-care systems


To challenge the structural drivers of racism and xenophobia, anti-racist action and other wider measures that target determinants should implement an intersectional approach to effectively address the causes and consequences of racism within a population. We propose several specific actions: a commission that explores how we action the approaches laid out in this paper.

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